The WMS controls the physical storage processes such as goods receipt entry, inventory strategies, like a reorganization of the warehouse space occupancy, the management of storage, picking, supply management, inventory of the dispatched goods and the inventory of the warehouse. (see Gleißner, Harald; Femerling, J. Christian 2008, p 220)

1. Organizational warehouse control and management,
2. Incoming and outgoing goods,
3. Storage bins and shelving,
4. Storage units and charge carrier,
5. Bearing units with load handling devices,
6. Haulage systems (for example, a pallet conveyor system) and
7. Warehousing (cf. Gudehus, Timm 2010, p 585f)

The storage system describes the flow of material and information in the warehouse. Besides the technical and organizational system of the equipment (such as loading units) and storage facilities, it also includes the warehouse staff. (cf. Arnold, Dieter; Isermann, Heinz; Kuhn, Axel; Tempelmeier, Horst; Furman, Kai 2008, p 381)

In the WMS the physical storage is mapped digitally, including the warehouse topology.

The term "storage technology" includes the warehouse facilities and the conveyor. The storage facilities include floor storage without storage equipment, block storage, warehouse lines and shelf storage like shelving and pallet rack storage. (cf. Ehrmann, Harald 2003, p 240f)

The various storage facilities are presented in the WMS and fulfil different functions, including the storage, buffering and / or distribution of articles. (see Hompel, Michael; Schmidt, Thorsten 2010, p 73f)